Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that can cause teeth to loosen. If not treated timely, it can even lead to tooth loss. It damages the soft tissue and gradually destroys the bone supporting the teeth. Being mostly caused by poor oral hygiene, it’s preventable and you should not delay seeking dental consultation. You can follow oral care routines dutifully and expect periodontitis to go away, or this way, you can at least minimize the risks to a great extent.
Symptoms of Periodontitis
Since periodontitis is largely a preventable disease, you should seek medical attention immediately after getting to know the symptoms of the problem. For that, you need to keep checking whether your gums are pink, firm and tightly fitted around the teeth. Some of the symptoms may include –
- Your gums bleed easily, mostly when you brush or floss.
- The gum has swelling or it has been puffy.
- Your gums feel tender or sensitive when touched.
- The gums look dusky or bright red.
- Receding gums that can pull away from the teeth easily.
- Your teeth appearing longer than normal.
- Bad breath or stinking breath that persists.
- Loose teeth and pain in chewing something.
- Pockets of pus between the teeth and gums.
- Some small change to the tooth fitting when you bit.
Risk factors for Periodontitis
We know poor oral hygiene is the major reason behind periodontitis. But there are some other factors that can increase the risk of the problem and lead to tooth decay. Those risk factors may include –
- Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums.
- Poor oral care habits.
- Use of tobacco in any form, including smoking.
- Age, as people, when grow older can develop this problem.
- Poor nutrition or poor food choices with lack of vitamin C.
- Medicines causing dry mouth or gum changes.
- Diseases like diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.
Causes of Periodontitis
Plaque is the culprit behind periodontitis. It’s a white sticky deposit that is developed in from bacteria and can cause serious damage to oral health. It is responsible for periodontitis in different ways, including –
- Bad food choices can help form plaque in the mouth.
- The sugars and starches in food can interact with bacteria to form plaque.
- Regular brushing and flossing can stop the sticky layer to form on your teeth.
- Lack of oral hygiene can help re-form the plaque.
- Plaque, when not removed quickly, can develop into tartar.
- The level of risks increases where plaque is allowed to harden into bacteria.
- Unlike plaque, oral care can’t help remove plaque and you will need professional cleaning for that.
- Plaque can lead to gingivitis where the gum around the teeth can develop irritation or inflammation.
- If gingivitis is not treated, it can cause a loss of teeth tissue and bone around the gum lines.
- The inflammation can cause tooth decay if persisted.
Prevention of periodontitis
Most dental problems are caused by lack of oral care. So, rather than doing anything different, your focus should be on giving more attention to your dental care and reduce the risk of periodontitis. You can take these two steps for prevention –
- Good oral hygiene
A good oral hygiene includes brushing and flossing daily and the way recommended by the dentist. You should brush once in the morning and then before sleeping but after the meal. On both the occasion, you should give two to three minutes to the act to get a thorough cleaning. It’s advisable to floss before brushing and in doing so, you can scrub away foodstuff and particles easily. All along, you should also clean the tongue as prevent bacteria to impact your mouth, teeth, and gums in any way possible.
- Regular dental visits
All lifestyle changes and oral care won’t matter unless you develop the habit of visiting the dentist regularly. If you did not consult a dentist every 6 months or so, there would be no proper cleaning and checkup of your oral cavity. A suffolk dental clinic or dentist can see any sign or risk developing in the mouth and recommend treatment. He/she will advise you ways to maintain superior oral hygiene and minimize risks of any gum or dental problems for sure.